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Painful Periods or Dysmenorrhoea

Dysmenorrhoea or painful periods are due to muscular contractions of the womb which produce a cramp-like type of pain or discomfort associated with your period.

Normally at period time the inner spongy layer of the womb separates and is discharged with a gentle movement out through your vagina. There are associated signs of breast enlargement, a feeling of heaviness and swelling of the lower abdomen. In the case of dysmenorrhoea the muscular wall of your womb or uterus contracts in an effort to expel its contents.

Dysmenorrhoea can occur right throughout a woman’s reproductive life but is common in younger women. In the majority of cases of painful periods, no medical reason can be found.

However, it is wise to have a thorough medical check up with your doctor to eliminate possible causes of a more serious nature. Some women benefit from medication to help them during these painful episodes.

Occassionally Endometriosis, the presence of uterine tissue outside the uterus (usually in the pelvis) can cause discomfort or severe pain associatd with periods. A gynaecological opinion should be sought.

There are a range of effective treatments so the outlook for relief of pain is good.

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