|Rubella, or German Measles as it is commonly known is a viral disease transmitted by the inhalation of infected droplets from the air. |
German Measles can be transmitted by the infected person to others for one week before the onset of the rash. The incubation period is 14 - 21 days with an average of about 6 days before the appearance of symptoms. One atttack usually confers permanent immunity.
The main feature of the disease is the appearance of a fine pink rash often preceded by mild symptoms of a general virus infection, a slight fever, conjunctivitis and a general feeling of not being well. Adults, especially young women, may develop joint pains. The rash starts on the face and spreads to the trunk and extremities and may only be present for a matter of hours to 3 days. It may also be so faint as to be missed altogether.
The treatment of rubella consists mainly of treating the symptoms which may be very mild indeed. Aspirin may be all that is required. If you are concerned that you or your child may have caught rubella then your doctor can have you tested for positive signs of the disease and he can also put your mind at rest by establishing the presence of antibodies which guarantees your immunity to complications particularly in pregnancy.
The importance of rubella lies in the effect the virus has on the developing baby in the womb. If the mother catches rubella in the early stages of pregnancy, and if the baby becomes infected via the placental blood circulation, then there is a 50% chance of malformation of the baby in the first two months, which drops away to a 10% chance in the fourth month. The first three months are stated to be the danger months. If it has been clearly established that you have caught rubella in the early months of your pregnancy, then you should discuss this with your obstetrician as to what course of action you should take.
Rubella can be prevented by vaccination. It is wise for all young girls to be vaccinated against rubella before the onset of periods. In the case of an adult women the absence of pregnancy should be established before giving the vaccine and you should not become pregnant for 2 or 3 months after the vaccine.
|Aspirin and Young Children (Reyes Syndrome).||Autism.|
|Bed Wetting or Nocturnal Enuresis.||Breast or Bottle Feeding.|
|Chicken Pox (Varicella).||Childhood Immunization/Vaccination|
|Convulsions in Childhood.||Croup.|
|Cystic Fibrosis (CF).||Deafness in Childhood.|
|Diarrhoea and Vomiting.||Downs Syndrome.|
|Dyslexia.||Fever in Infants.|
|German Measles (Rubella).||Heart Murmurs|
|Heat Exhaustion in Children.||Hyperactivity in Childhood.|
|Nappy Rash.||Normal Development (Baby Care).|
|Speech Development in Children||Spina Bifida.|
|Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Cot Death.||Teething.|
|Your Baby Won't Sleep.||Whooping Cough (Pertussis)|
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