Deafness in Children

B A B Y  A N D  C H I L D

Deafness in Childhood

Deafness in childhood can either be nerve deafness which involves the auditory or hearing nerve in the brain itself, or it can be a form of conduction deafness. This occurs when there is interference with the transmission of sound waves from the outer ear through to the inner ear before the auditory nerve carries sound on into the brain.

Nerve deafness can be due to congenital causes, as for example, after the mother suffers an attack of German Measles in the early months of her pregnancy.

Exposure to loud music, disease, head injury and tumours can all cause nerve deafness in the young.

Conduction deafness can be produced simply by putting your hands over your ears, or by wax or foreign bodies in the ear canal. Inflammation of the external canal can produce a similar effect.

Inflammation of the middle ear or otitis mediae nose, the throat or the sinuses, or chronic inflamed adenoids and tonsils can cause deafness.

Damage to the ear drum and water in the ears after swimming can also cause deafness.

Glue ear can be the end result of middle ear infection leading to hearing loss.

In childhood it is important to recognise deafness, whatever the cause. A new born baby in the early months of life will make sounds in spite of total deafness, so donít wait for total silence. Be on the alert for a lack of response to sounds such as the closing of a door, a childís cry, a dogís bark.

When your child goes to school then problems with hearing may show up as inattention, poor marks, insecurity with behavioural problems including hyperactivity.

If you suspect deafness in your child, consult your doctor. All medical problems affecting the ears should been seen straight away.

A fever in a little baby who canít communicate, an earache or ear discharge all necessitate a doctorís opinion to prevent the serious consequences of deafness.

- Aspirin and Young Children (Reyes Syndrome).- Autism.
- Bed Wetting or Nocturnal Enuresis. - Breast or Bottle Feeding.
- Chicken Pox (Varicella). - Childhood Immunization/Vaccination
- Convulsions in Childhood. - Croup.
- Cystic Fibrosis (CF). - Deafness in Childhood.
- Diarrhoea and Vomiting. - Downs Syndrome.
- Dyslexia. - Fever in Infants.
- German Measles (Rubella). -Heart Murmurs
-Heat Exhaustion in Children.-Hyperactivity in Childhood.
-Nappy Rash.-Normal Development (Baby Care).
-Speech Development in Children-Spina Bifida.
-Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Cot Death.-Teething.
-Your Baby Won't Sleep.-Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

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